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This book is a collection of laments that bewail the fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians.
(Left) Time period: immediately after the fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians Author(s): Jeremiah and/or Baruch (Right; some conservative-moderate); Baruch (some conservative-moderate); anonymous writers and editors (Left) Location of author: Land of Israel or Jerusalem (Right, conservative-moderate); Land of Israel, Jerusalem, and/or Babylon (Left) Target audience and their location: Southern Kingdom Israelites at the beginning of the Babylonian exile (Right, some conservative-moderate, some Left); Southern Kingdom Israelites during the Babylonian exile (some conservative-moderate, some Left); Southern Kingdom Israelites after the Babylonian exile (some Left) .
A reliable interpretation of the text should not insist upon Jeremianic authorship, as we cannot be entirely certain who finally authored these laments or compiled them together.
The text should be dated sometime in the mid-to-late Sixth Century B. E., but even conservatives are not agreed whether it was written at the beginning, during, or at the end of the Babylonian exile.
The first horror Jews commemorate during Tisha B’Av is when Babylonian Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the first temple in Jerusalem in 586BCE, killing 100,000 Jews.
The second is when the Romans destroyed the second temple in Jerusalem in 70CE.
Lamentations follows a distinct meter. Lamentations is not unique in that there are other laments in Scripture, but is unique in that it is the only book of the Tanach exclusively devoted to laments. Jeremiah 41:5; Zechariah 7:3-5; ) and the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 C.
For this reason, Tisha B’Av is considered by many to be a day destined for tragedy.
Here is everything you need to know about Tisha B’Av.
Tisha B’Av always falls on the ninth day of the Jewish month of Av.
Laments for the dead are also recited and in Israel Jewish people often travel to the Western Wall, which are the ruins of the second temple, to mourn the dead.
Jeremianic authorship of Lamentations is attested in the Talmud (b.